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  • Artificial island

    An island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon.

  • Asphalt lake

    A small basin containing naturally occurring asphalt.

  • Atoll(s)

    A ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon.

  • Badlands

    An area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles.

  • Bar

    A shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts.

  • Beach

    A shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves.

  • Beach ridge

    A ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series.

  • Beaches

    A shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves.

  • Bench

    A long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody.

  • Blowhole(s)

    A hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air.

  • Blowout(s)

    A small depression in sandy terrain, caused by wind erosion.

  • Boulder field

    A high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks.

  • Butte(s)

    A small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides.

  • Caldera

    A depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain.

  • Canyon

    A deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area.

  • Cape

    A land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction.

  • Cirque

    A bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley.

  • Cirques

    Bowl-like hollows partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley.

  • Cleft(s)

    A deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a coastal cliff.

  • Cliff(s)

    A high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area.

  • Cone(s)

    A conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material.

  • Corridor

    A strip or area of land having significance as an access way.

  • Crater(s)

    A generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action.

  • Cuesta(s)

    An asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata.

  • Delta

    A flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream.

  • Depression(s)

    A low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage.

  • Desert

    A large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions.

  • Divide

    A line separating adjacent drainage basins.

  • Dry stream bed

    A channel formerly containing the water of a stream.

  • Dune(s)

    A wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand.

  • Escarpment

    A long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below.

  • Fan(s)

    A fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain.

  • Fissure

    A crack associated with volcanism.

  • Ford

    A shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle.

  • Gap

    A low place in a ridge, not used for transportation.

  • Gorge(s)

    A short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley.

  • Hammock(s)

    A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.

  • Hanging valley

    A valley the floor of which is notably higher than the valley or shore to which it leads; most common in areas that have been glaciated.

  • Headland

    A high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast.

  • Hill

    A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.

  • Hills

    Rounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.

  • Interdune trough(s)

    A long wind-swept trough between parallel longitudinal dunes.

  • Interfluve

    A relatively undissected upland between adjacent stream valleys.

  • Island

    A tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water.

  • Islands

    Tracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water.

  • Islet

    Small island, bigger than rock, smaller than island..

  • Isthmus

    A narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water.

  • Karst area

    A distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage.

  • Land-tied island

    A coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes.

  • Lava area

    An area of solidified lava.

  • Levee

    A natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods.

  • Mangrove island

    A mangrove swamp surrounded by a waterbody.

  • Meander neck

    A narrow strip of land between the two limbs of a meander loop at its narrowest point.

  • Mesa(s)

    A flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau.

  • Moraine

    A mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till.

  • Mound(s)

    A low, isolated, rounded hill.

  • Mountain

    An elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more.

  • Mountains

    A mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges.

  • Nunatak

    A rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice.

  • Nunataks

    Rocks or mountain peaks protruding through glacial ice.

  • Pan

    A near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool.

  • Pans

    A near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool.

  • Pass

    A break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap].

  • Peak

    A pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature.

  • Peaks

    Pointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features.

  • Peninsula

    An elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water.

  • Plain(s)

    An extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area.

  • Plateau

    An elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams.

  • Point

    A tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape.

  • Points

    Tapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape.

  • Polder

    An area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining.

  • Promontory(-ies)

    A bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland.

  • Ridge(s)

    A long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest.

  • Rock

    A conspicuous, isolated rocky mass.

  • Rock desert

    A relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer.

  • Rockfall

    An irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope.

  • Rocks

    Conspicuous, isolated rocky masses.

  • Saddle

    A broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains.

  • Sand area

    A tract of land covered with sand.

  • Sandy desert

    An extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes.

  • Section of island

  • Section of peninsula

  • Section of plain

  • Section of plateau

  • Section of valley

  • Shore

    A narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively.

  • Sinkhole

    A small crater-shape depression in a karst area.

  • Slide

    A mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area.

  • Slope(s)

    A surface with a relatively uniform slope angle.

  • Spit

    A narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody.

  • Spur(s)

    A subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation.

  • Stony desert

    A desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel and stones.

  • Talus slope

    A steep concave slope formed by an accumulation of loose rock fragments at the base of a cliff or steep slope.

  • Terrace

    A long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody.

  • Upland

    An extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief.

  • Valley

    An elongated depression usually traversed by a stream.

  • Valleys

    Elongated depressions usually traversed by a stream.

  • Volcano

    A conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top.